Nicotine Gum

Nicorette is chewing gum that sends nicotine to the brain quickly, resulting in a less intense “hit” than a cigarette. Nicotine gum helps take the edge off cigarette cravings without the toxins found in cigarettes, helping to reduce symptoms of nicotine withdrawal.

  • Over about 30 minutes, chew a piece of gum a few times to break it down, then "park" it between your gum and cheek and leave it there.
    • Chewing the gum without parking it can cause stomach ache or cravings.
  • Chew enough gum to reduce withdrawal symptoms (usually 10–15 pieces a day but no more than 30 a day).
  • Use the gum every day for about a month, then start to chew fewer pieces per day, chewing only what you need to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
  • Stop chewing the gum after 3 months.
  • Usually nicotine gum is available in 2 mg doses (for smokers of 24 or fewer cigarettes each day) and 4 mg doses (for smokers of 25 or more cigarettes each day).
  • One piece of gum is one dose and you should not need to chew more than 24 pieces a day.
  • These directions are for general use, so always follow the directions for the product you buy.
Side Effects

  • Sore mouth or throat
  • Irritated throat, increased saliva
  • Hiccups
  • Indigestion, heartburn
  • Dizziness, headache, nausea
  • Jaw ache, awareness of your heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Mouth ulcers


Do not use tobacco when you start chewing nicotine gum. Do not eat or drink for 15 minutes before chewing, or while chewing the gum. If the gum sticks to your braces or other dental work, stop using it and check with your doctor or dentist. Dental work may be damaged because nicotine gum is stickier and harder to chew than regular gum. Keep this and all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.


Over the counter

Last Updated 1/4/2019